GMAT Essay Topic 439 - The following was excerpted from the speech of a spokesperson for Synthetic Farm Products, Inc. "Many farmers who invested in the equipment needed to make the switch from synthetic to organic fertilizers and pesticides feel that it would be too expensive to resume synthetic farming at this point. But studies of farmers who switched to organic farming last year indicate that their current crop yields are lower. Hence their purchase of organic farming equipment, a relatively minor investment compared to the losses that would result from continued lower crop yields, cannot justify persisting on an unwise course. And the choice to farm organically is financially unwise, given that it was motivated by environmental rather than economic concerns." Discuss how well reasoned . . . Etc.
The given argument has several unwarranted assumptions regarding the context of synthetic and organic farm products.taken as whole these unstated assumptions render argument highly suspect. indeed if these unstated assumptions do not hold true, the argument totally falls apart.The spokesperso...
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The author claimed that the organic farming was motivated by environment rather than economic concern. In addition, there are several reasons provided to support the argument. However, after a quick and careful analysis, we can find several logical flaws in the argument.
The author indicated that environment was a more important factor than economic factor for organic farming. In addition, the author provided evidence to support this argument. However, when when we exam the first evidence, we could easily find that the investment of synthetic farming was more expensive than that of organic farming. For this reason, it is possible that the farmers consider the economic reason to change their type of farming. The author provided a contradiction evidence to support this argument, and then the evidence weaken the argument. The author needs to provide more comprehensive clues to prove that the farmers concern about the environment more than economic in the aspect of investment. The author can provide the information of the cost of pesticide and insecticide. Perhaps the biological pesticide and insecticide are more expensive than the normal pesticide and insecticide. Then the author can provide the complete information including total investment. The argument would be more convincing.
The author also provided the information that the yield of organic farming was lower than that of synthetic farming. However, the author didn't provide clear sample to explain that the loss of yield would affect the income exactly. It is possible that the amount of yield loss wasn't as great as the author thought. For this reason, if the loss of yield didn't affect income extremely and the investment of organic farming was cheaper, the farmers might choose the organic farming from the economic consideration.
In conclusion, the author commit the fallacy of sample-insufficient and contradiction. The author needs to provide stronger evidence to prove the argument. For example, the author can show the information that the total cost of organic farming is higher than that of synthetic farming. In addition, the author needs to provide sufficient sample to prove that the loss of yield of organic farming is general and affects the revenue. If the author explains comprehensively, the argument will be more persuasive.