TOEFL Essay Topic 19 - Should governments spend more money on improving roads and highways, or should governments spend more money on improving public transportation (buses, trains, subways)? Why? Use specific reasons and details to develop your essay.
Whether governments should spend more money on improving roads and highways or on improving public transportation is maybe one of
Whether governments should spend more money on improving roads and highways or on improving public transportation is maybe one of the most important topics people are arguing about nowadays. When I am asked about this question, I will give my answer, basing on some reasons and details listed below.
Public transportation, as named, is a transportation system for the whole society of a country. It is efficient, when used in a country with high population density, such as China. The number of population is 1.3 billion here. When every family occupied its own cars, you can imagine what a jam roads will be.
On the other hand, public transportation is economical. A bus with 40 passengers in it consumes mush less gasoline than 40 cars do in all. Of course, with less gas being used, less pollution will be made.
From the advantages I listed above, you may prefer to let our governments pay money on public transportation, but you must know that there are a lot of countries in this world with low population densities. To them, buses, trains and subways are always empty, because it is not convenient for passengers to get to the stations. Even though someone live near a station, they have to wait for a bus several hours, because bus companies do not want to provide a big bus for only several passenger without profit.
From the reasons and details above, we may safely get the conclusion that whether governments should spend more money on improving public transportation or on improving roads and highways depends on the population density in those countries.