TOEFL Essay Topic 101 - Some people like doing work by hand. Others prefer using machines. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
Using machines for jobs
I am now working at the company which makes the components of car in Japan, and this topic has been debated in Japan for a long time. Although the work by hand has some advantage against the machines, I believe that I prefer using machines to work especially for manufacturing sector. There are three reasons I think so; work time, cost, and accuracy.
To begin with, machine can work longer than people do. If workers in my company manufacture some parts of car, they can work only for ehgit (8) hour only. Of course, workers needs lanch time or some rest. Worker also need to sleep. Moreover, worker need holiday at weekend. Taking into consideration of these factors, workers can work 45 hour per week. On the other hand, if you use machine, your machine can operate almost 24 hours. Machine does not need sleep time or holiday. In my company, for example, machine can help almost all process of manufature. As a result, the output of my company boosts almost three times, which contributes to increase the revenue of my company. As machine can operate longer time, output of company can boost.
Second, if you use machine, you can save the cost of your company. If our company makes our products, our company need three people to work, while only one machine can produce the same goods. When we use labor to manufacture the goods, the cost increases by three times, because labor requires a lot of cost such as pension cost, insurance cost, and also labor costs. Machine, on the other hands, requires only the initial costs. If you use machine for a long time, naturally the operating cost will decrease, whereas the labor costs keep steady. When it comes to the cost, machine has advantage against the labor.
FInally, machine’s work is accurate more than human kinds is. Some people may say that if the jobs become complicated, machine cannot live up to this complicated job. However, recent machine has developed radically, and today’s machine can do what human beings did in the past. My comapny demonstrated that in the past, complicated welding was done by labor, but now our facility can perform almost welding job. Machine can perform their welding job more accurately than labor did in the past.
According to the above three advantage points: time, costs, and accuracy, I prefer to using machine for my jobs.
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