TOEFL Essay Topic 129 - A university plans to develop a new research center in your country. Some people want a center for business research. Other people want a center for research in agriculture (farming). Which of these two kinds of research centers do you recommend for your country? Use specific reasons in your recommendation.
University research center for agriculture or business
In recent years, people’s sense of values have been more diverse, and they have various opinions as to the importance of the advancing the research in certain areas. If asked, each would present compelling arguments to corroborate their assertions. However, I believe that an agricultural research center is more important than a business center in my country, Japan.
First of all, the farming industry is relatively weak in Japan. Although Japan is one of the strongest economies in the world, its agriculture has been the weak point, depending heavily on import. To overcome this issue, it is recommended to build an agricultural research institute rather than business. The issue is derived from the Japanese geographic traits that we have only limited areas suitable for farming because the dominant parts of the land are mountains and woods. Now that Japan is searching the new way to produce agricultural yields efficiently in the narrow space. One example is that the in-house plantation which grows vegetables and fruits with the artificial ultraviolet. Accelerating this method and inventing other technics are vital to enhance the industry and sustain our food supply so that it is an urgent matter to construct the agricultural research center in our country.
Beyond that, business research is not such urgent. Japan has many institutions that research in the business including both think-tank and academic. Moreover, they are divided into various business sectors, covering most fields from raw material to IT technology. In other words, there are no upcoming needs to build the new business research institution. In fact, the newly found research center in Japan sometimes went into bankruptcy due to the excessive competition for the human resource, tends to work in the long-going large-scale institution. Thus, a new business center will result in the inefficient use of assets including human resource and money.
In conclusion, I have argued that my country, Japan, is facing the urgent needs to facilitate the agriculture, especially in technological aspect. Therefore, if a university constructs a research center, it should be for farming rather than business.