TOEFL Essay Topic 19 - Should governments spend more money on improving roads and highways, or should governments spend more money on improving public transportation (buses, trains, subways)? Why? Use specific reasons and details to develop your essay.
Transportation is one of the major fields that governments need to invest. When some one thinks that the governments should
Transportation is one of the major fields that governments need to invest. When some one thinks that the governments should spend more money on improving roads and highways, I strongly suggest that more money be invested on improving public transportation.
Nevertheless, I do admit that money spent on roads and highways will benefit a lot. For those people who have cars, travelling will be easier and more convenient, since they will have more choices and it will take less time on the roads. Even public transportation will benefit from it since buses can utilize these roads and highways too.
However, what about those people who do not own a car? Definitely they rely on the public transportation and more investment on roads and highways will not directly do them good. What they really need is better public transportation systems, which in most cities are over-crowded and need more money.
Furthermore, from the point of view of environmental protection, investing more money on public transportation is better than on roads and highways. In the latter case, more people will be encouraged to buy cars and there will be more air pulition and noises. On the contrary, a better public transportation system will produce less pulition. When more people are attracted to the public transportation, provided it is better than it is today due to enough funds, the pollution will be reduced even further.
In conclusion, although I do not deny the benefits of better roads and highways, I think it is better for governments to spend more money on public transportation, since it will do good to us in the foreseeable future and in a long term.
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