TOEFL Essay Topic 19 - Should governments spend more money on improving roads and highways, or should governments spend more money on improving public transportation (buses, trains, subways)? Why? Use specific reasons and details to develop your essay.
To improve roads
I think governments spend more money on improving roads, and also improving public transportation because there are still many places which need such transportation systems and because increasing public transportation systems in the cities, it will be environmentally friendly. I will explain the reasons more with specific examples.
Firstly, I think it is important that improving roads and highways in rural area is necessary. Now, I am living in the city area, but my grand parents are living in the rural area. There are many mountains and valise, paddy fields, farms and several human houses. In those areas, automobiles are necessary for their life to purchase their foods and utensils to the next town. And people living in those areas tend to be elderly people. It is so called depopulation. My grand father is now eighty years old. He’s had big serious cardinal surgery operations three times but he says himself fine. And he lives with my grand mother who is also elderly. And they drive to the next town to purchase grocery every week. I think it is dangerous. Because there are many road unsettled in such rural areas. Such roads have a lot of rubbles scattering. Sometimes the drivers have to get rid of rubbles on the road to pass. I think it is dangerous for elderly people to drive, especially think of night time they might hit the big rubble in the center of a road and might crash. To protect the elderly people living in the rural areas, improving roads is so important. That is one of serious problems of depopulation in rural area.
Secondly, consider the life of the city, there are so many cars. Air pollution occurs in most metropolitan areas. To increase the transportation systems in the city area is one of the solutions of air pollution problems in the city area. Increase the public transportation, and support the public transportation companies with money, and transportation fee will be cheaper and people will start to use them because using the transportation systems is cheaper and faster than driving their own cars. That will decrease the air pollution.
So, I think governments spend more money on improving roads, and also improving public transportation. There are two reasons, to protect elderly people in rural areas and to decrease the air pollution in the city areas.
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