GRE Essay Topic 948 - Milk and dairy products are rich in vitamin D and calcium, substances essential for building and maintaining bones. Many people therefore believe that a diet rich in dairy products can help prevent osteoporosis, a disease in which the bones weaken significantly with age and that is linked to both environmental and genetic factors. But a long-term study of a large number of people has found that those who have consistently consumed dairy products throughout the years of the study have a higher rate of bone fractures than any other participants in the study. Since bone fractures are a symptom of osteoporosis, this study result shows that a diet rich in dairy products may actually increase, rather than decrease, the risk of osteoporosis. Discuss how well reasoned you find this argument.
This author’s argument is not cogent because it is rife with holes and misinterpretation of facts .Also it is based
This author’s argument is not cogent because it is rife with holes and misinterpretation of facts .Also it is based on a study whose scope and validity are quite questionable .Therefore use of this study to come up with the given argument does not prove to be a good case .Author’s him selves agrees that the disease in consideration is a result of both environmental and genetic factors .This factors have clearly not been taken into account while performing the study.
Furthermore it may be the case that the study was conducted on large number of people of a single area whose environmental conditions favored osteoporosis. Bone fractures can happen due to plethora of reasons .To consider only one of the reason i.e. diet is quite constraining and produces wrong results .Again fractures are not the only symptom of osteoporosis .It could have happened that people not having dairy products in their diet may have shown some other symptoms perhaps even more noticeable .
Showing symptoms and actually having a medical condition are quite different because symptoms can be caused by other factors as well .So even though people showed symptoms doesn’t necessarily mean that they are suffering from the disease. It is a given fact that dairy products strengthens bones, therefore author is quite wrong to consider only some of the facts to reach a conclusion.
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