TOEFL Essay Topic 21 - In general, people are living longer now. Discuss the causes of this phenomenon. Use specific reasons and details to develop your essay.
These days people can live longer and longer
These days people can live longer and longer. The average life period in my country is over 80. In Japan, we can find people over 90 or even 100 easily. I believe that there are three possible reasons of this; better foods, hygiene and hospitals. Let’s check the details as follows.
It is sure that we can reach better foods easier than before. For instance, 60 – 70 years ago, it was very difficult to get proper foods in Japan because of the crucial war at that time. However, the country has developed a lot after the world war II, and now people can get safe, rich and delicious foods very easily. Even we sometimes face a difficulty to choose dishes in restaurants because there are many choices of foods. We can get more nutrition than before and it makes us to be able to live longer.
Another important factor would be better hygiene. In some developing countries, it is still bad though, in Japan or other developed countries, the environment has been improved a lot and we rarely see some diseases such as typhoid, rabies or tuberculosis in these days, for example. It means we face less risks to become such diseases and can live longer than before.
The last reason I would like to mention is development of technology and hospitals. We can find a better, sophisticated hospital and can receive qualified treatment there easily. 30 years ago, it is difficult for us to cure the cancer, however, we can recover from it nowadays if we can find the cancer earlier. Also, due to the progress of technology, doctors can find the cancer easier than before by the specialized equipment. Definitely, it leads people to have a longer life.
In conclusion, people can lead a longer life than before these days, as above reasons. Of course, it is a pleasant phenomenon, however, it means we are facing another problem as well, such as we need to consider how we can deal with the aging society with less youngers.
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