GMAT Essay Topic 487 - The following appeared in the editorial section of a local newspaper. "In order to avoid the serious health threats associated with many landfills, our municipality should build a plant for burning trash. An incinerator could offer economic as well as ecological advantages over the typical old-fashioned type of landfill: incinerators can be adapted to generate moderate amounts of electricity, and ash residue from some types of trash can be used to condition garden soil." Discuss how well reasoned . . . Etc.
The argument that our municipality should build a plant for burning trash in order to avoid the serious health threats associated with many landfills ignores some important concerns that be addressed to substantiate the argument. Then the arguer simply describes the advantages that incinerators c...
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The author argues that the quality of care at university hospitals is lower than that at other kinds of hospitals. To support his arguments, the author compares the university hospital�€™s number of employment, success rate, overall profit and payrolls and time dividend of the university doctors to those of community or private hospitals. The argument appears convincing; however it is flawed in a few ways.
To begin with, the author uses the lower success rate as one reason to support his argument that the university hospital is not better in service quality; however success rate is a function of many factors and lower success rate doesn�€™t necessarily indicate the lower service quality. It is possible that university hospital treat more difficult cases (e.g. genetic disease, cancers) than the other types of hospitals. It is also possible that dying people will turn to university hospitals when they couldn't receive effective treatment in the other types of hospitals. Therefore the author has to provide more evidence to support his argument that lower success rate is caused by worse service quality not by other factors..
Secondly, the author implies that doctor's dividing their time among teaching, conducting research and treating patients will contribute to the lower service quality. The reasoning behind this is that only time spent on treating patients is the indicator of the service quality; however it is not the case. The doctor could obtain more advanced skills through teaching and conducting research, and thus they have the ability to treat patients more effectively by spending less time.
Finally but not the least, �€œmaking less profit and paying the medical staff lower than private hospital�€� has weak relation with the quality of care. It is likely that most university hospitals have more financial support e.g. government or research funding than private hospitals; university hospital�€™s major purpose is not making profit to satisfy shareholders. It is also likely that medical staff could receive better benefit although their payrolls are lowers, or most medical staffs are student interns whose pay is usually lower.
In summary, the reasons provided by the author are too weak to support his arguments. In order to convince the readers and strengthen his argument, the author has to establish the causal link between the cited factors and the quality of care delivered.