TOEFL Essay Topic 181 - In your country, is there more need for land to be left in its natural condition or is there more need for land to be developed for housing and industry? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
more need for land for housing and industry or leave in natu
Unbalanced developing of the country can be so much dangerous, which necessitates more researches before changing the environment. Natural conditions of the environment make an ecological balanced, that can be endangered by developing the cities and industrial centers. Some species of plants can be extinct or become rare, leading to the same danger for the animals. Housing or industrial needs can be achieved by leveraging the space of cities, like building higher apartments. On the other hand, unbalanced environment can cause water shortage, leading to an environmental crisis. Considering the foregoing, I believe that my country needs to leave the lands in it’s natural condition.
First of all, water shortage is the biggest danger for the people of my country, which is not easy to overcome. Housing and Industrial developing leads to a higher usage of water for producing or meeting the needs of new buildings. On the other hand, the balanced ecology is disturbed, that brings decreasing the capability of resources to provide enough drink water. For example, our city is developed without consideration for preparing enough water for the new population, resulting the quota management due to the lack of enough water.
In addition, in most cities there is enough space for housing or the industrial purposes, because of having vast cities. Not a lot of apartments can be found in many of my country’s cities, bringing a potential for the future of cities to keep more people in theirselves. For instance, the average number of buildings’ floors in our city is just about two.
Moreover, some species are in the danger of extinction, which influences the lives of other species too. Disappearing of these plants or animals can cause environmental disasters. Protection of these creatures can be achieved by careful planning for developing, which decrease the need for new lands, habitated by other animals or plants. There are some extinct or endangered species in my country, like Iranian tiger, influenced by human developing activities.
According to the aforementioned reasons, new lands are not necessary for building new houses or industrial programs, which allows the environment to get more balanced and capable. The developing of cities and industrialization is beneficial and even an undeniable demand of the society, but taking more lands can lead to water shortage, or be a threat for some species’ lives. Plus, at the mercy of vast cities, there is enough space for meeting new requirements already. These disadvantages overweigh the benefits, which conclude to the result that there is more need for leaving lands in their natural condition.
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