TOEFL Essay Topic 19 - Should governments spend more money on improving roads and highways, or should governments spend more money on improving public transportation (buses, trains, subways)? Why? Use specific reasons and details to develop your essay.
In this morden society, governments always confront the dilemma whether spending more money on improving roads and highways or on improving public transportation. This problem is a much debated one in that it affects everybody in his or her daily life. Personally speaking, I would be one of those...
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The use of public transport is always beneficial as far as the growing population is concerned. These can be successful on the roads that are built to carry them. The government of any country would try to improvise both these things simultaneously so that the population is benefited. Improving simultaneously cannot be easy, as while developing them many problems can occur. Hence the govt. should think accordingly and try to take steps such that they can be improved without any harm to civilians. Should govt. spend more money on improvising roads and highways or they should spend on improvising more on the public transport is an important question?
Selecting to improvising on the public transport can lead to many beneficial outcomes. If a city like India is considered, then the working population is very large that goes to work on the same time. This may lead to lot of traffic and hence creates a problem. If the public transport is not that efficient then people relying on it becomes very less. Improvising the public transport that contains buses, local trains and subways may lead to a drastic change in the traffic as people having similar routes will try to use these ways of transport and if they like the service provided, then they would opt for it and advise others too; which would decrease in traffic and road accidents. This will lead to less sound and air pollution as the number of vehicles traversing would reduce to a certain extent, and the decision taken by the government to improvise these public transport can get a positive feedback.
Similarly if the govt. take steps to improvise the roadways that are used for transport can also lead to less accidents as many a times accidents are created due to the improper construction of roads. Improvising roadways and highways is a sign of developing city and updates the nearby areas. The public transports are also dependent on them as the transport becomes more efficient if the roads on which they travel are properly constructed without any hurdles.
Hence we can say that the govt. cannot only work on improvising any one of these things as they go hand in hand, though improvising both the things simultaneously is a difficult task. A possible solution would be that roadways can be improved first and then the public transport can be improved, but the decision taken by the govt. should be according to the situations that are present at that particular time