TOEFL Essay Topic 65 - Should a city try to preserve its old, historic buildings or destroy them and replace them with modern buildings? Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.
Demolish old ones
There are many people who want to preserve old buildings of their city. Also, there are many that do not think so. In my opinion, it is better to demolish old, historic buildings and restore modern ones for the following reasons.
First of all, it is better to rethink about the city structure. Some will say it is the destruction of culture to destroy the historic buildings. I agree with preserving ancient heritage as the resource for site seeing. However, it is a much valuable thing to think about future of the city. And the not all or architecture which is old can be excluded from the restructuring of the city. As thinking about my country, Japan, the population decline is serious. The old landscape and architectures are not suitable for the new era of less population. For instance, the city hall is placed each district or city that are now integrated into the larger city. It is not convenient for the residents to live apart or scattering. Therefore it is better to replace and gather residents to the center of the city. This is the most important reason I think to restore the old architectures.
On the other hand, the cost to preserve the historic buildings are huge. The old buildings tend to need to care more frequently than the ones built recently. For example, the old building that is made of wood is needed to prevent to be too humid in order to decompose by microorganism like bacteria. Talking about modern buildings made of iron and concrete, it is much resistant to the microorganism. And they are more strong against the earthquake or other natural disasters. So the cost can be cut if.Instead of caring about preserving the old architecture, it is much better to spend the city budget to other things. This is the other reason I insist that we should replace the historic buildings.
From above reasons, I will state that it is much better to restore the old buildings into the modern architectures instead of preserving them.
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