TOEFL Essay Topic 146 - Some people prefer to spend their free time outdoors. Other people prefer to spend their leisure time indoors. Would you prefer to be outside or would you prefer to be inside for your leisure activities? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your choice.
The reading and the wrinting is both about Altruism. The author of the reading believes that Altruism is the selfless act made by the human and the animal where they gain something that is little valued in return. The lecturer disagrees the point that is being stated in the article. She thinks that even if the man or the animal performing the selfless act is being benefitted for what he is doing.
First of all,the author points out the unselfish act of the human nature and animals. It states that the one performing the act is the one who is being sacrificed in order to save their friends and family and all they get in return is little something. However, the lecturer cast doubt on the claims made by the article. She says that by giving out the example of donation of kidney.For, Let’s say, if an individual donates a kidney to his relative or someone he knows, he will be appreciated for what he did.Also, who is performing the act is being greatly benefited in return even though he lost something.
Secondly, the author of the article mentions that animals are willing to sacrifice their life and their food in order to save the family members. Additionally, it gives the example of group of Marketeers, where one stands out as a guard in order to look out for the predators and when the predator shows up, it alarms every other of the marketeers to search for the shelter who were hence in search for food.The guard gains nothing. On the other hand, the lecturer rebuts this statement by saying that the individual who is performing the selfless act is already full. Furthermore, the individual is the one who is not in danger, who alarms their friends and drives the predator’s attention to it’s friends instead and is most likely to escape more fast than others.
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