TOEFL Essay Topic 27 - Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People should sometimes do things that they do not enjoy doing. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
A four day work week
The main paint made in the reading passage is that the option of a four-day workweek for 80 percent of their full-time pay gives benefit the overall economy, companies, and employees. However, the professor argues that it is not true that the option of a four-day workweek has benefit.
First, the passage mentions that this option will be able to decrease unemployment rates. However, the lecturer states that the companies which introduce this option have to hire new employees. The hire process needs new costs, and companies should also educate new employees, which requires additional costs, these contradicts what the passage indicates.
Second, the reading says that the companies gain profits by reducing workweek. On the other hand, the speaker claims in his lecture that if companies would shorten workweek, additional costs would be charged. These costs are maintaining health programs and facilities, such as computers, desks, and space, which the author of the reading might not have predicted.
Third, the reading states that the employees also have benefits from a shortened workweek. For example, they will be able to have access to more discretionary time to spend on family, leisure, or personal interests. By contrast, the lecture says that the companies may not promote the employees who choice the option because if supervisors work reduced weeks, the companies have to find alternative staff. This is another part that contradicts what the reading says.
Therefore, the main points made by the professor in the lecture cast doubt on the points made in the reading passage.